Nepal officially the federal democratic republic of Nepal is a land locked country located in south Asia within an area of 147,181 square kilometer. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital largest metropolis. The mountaineers north of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains including the highest point of the earth Mt. Everest called ‘Sagarmatha’ (With 8848 meters)
Nepali is the official language of Nepal; it is derived from Sanskrit and was formally known as khas kura. Kathmandu valley is the main touristic areas of Nepal, likewise, Lumbini, Chitwan, Pokhra, and many more. Nepali speaks English so it is easy to get around. Hinduism is the major religion of Nepal. Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and Jainism are the other religions practiced in the country. Our Nepal is widely renowned as the birth place of Gautam Buddha. Nowadays Lumbini (the Birth place of Buddha) is one of the many places of Buddhist pilgrims and is visited by people from all across the world.
The weather and climate vary from hot summer to sever winters and its topography and altitude. It range from the tropical to the arctic. In the spring (between March and May) the temperature is mildly warm in the lowlands and while moderate in higher altitudes with plenty of opportunities to have tryst with the mountain views summer (Between June to August) it the monsoon season of Nepal. The weather is hot and wet at times. Monsoon in Nepal is not the typical monsoon of asia. It mostly rains during night and leaving the sky clean and clear by the morning making the Himalayan view more dramatic. Autumn (between September to November is the best tourist season in Nepal. This pick season for hiking and trekking as mountain views stunning and guaranteed. It is also the season of festivals as Nepal celebrates the biggest Hindu festival Dashain followed by Tihar. In the winter (Between December to February the weather is cool and sky is clear with occasional snowfalls at higher altitude. Perfect weather for hiking and trekking in the lower parts of the Himalayas. Morning and nights are cold and days are warm when sunny. Nepal is the country of extremes. The low land plains of Terai can have tropical temperature where the Himalaya can get to sub zero temperatures.
Bio-geographical Feature of Nepal
Nepal is regarded as one of the world’s favorite vacation playground, which offers high Himalayan peaks, tall mountains, divers’ climate, biodiversity, socio-cultural ethnicity at different places. It is spread beginning from the snow-clad peaks of Himalaya in the North to the flat land of Terai-South. Nepal is a veritable mosaic of landscape and environment. With a variety of climatic condition and therefore a wealth of flora and fauna, it becomes a most fascinating country of natural choices for tourists from abroad as well as domestic tourists desirous of experiencing the socio-cultural diversity. Natural and cultural attractions of Nepal are:
Nearly one-third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the world’s 14 highest peaks are in Nepal. Nepal occupied the 25 flowering plants, 85 more than 848 species of birds, 4% mammals, 11% world’s 15 families of butter flies, 600 indigenous plant families, and 319 species exotic orchids.
There are total of 9 national parks, 7 wildlife reserves, 3 hunting reserve including 11 buffer zone areas in and around protected areas covering a total of 28,998.67 sq. km. (19.70%) of the country’s total land. There are more than 1300 peaks of over 6000 m. are confined to the Khumbhu Himalaya that is Everest area. Out of the total land of Nepal, 92.94% is covered by land and the rest 7.06% is covered by water.
Physical cultural attractions in Himalayan region are Gosainkunda, Helambu, Muktinath, Namche bazaar.
World heritage site of Nepal declared by UNESCO
- Sagarmatha (Everest) Nartional Park
- Chitwan National Park
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Kathmamdu Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
- Lumbini (The birth place of Lord Buddha)
Tourist Attractions in Kathmandu include the Narayanhity palace museum, Basantapur durbar square, tribhuvan museum, Machchendra nath temple, Hanuman Dhoka, residence of the living Goddess, Kashthamandap, Swayambhunat, Pashupatinath, Boudnath, Guheshwari templ, Balaju water garden, Budhanikantha, other cultural heritages are fair and festival, music and dance, costume and settlement, arts and crafts, etc.
Tourist Attractions in Patan include Durbar square, Krishna mandir, Mahabouddha, Hiranya Varna mahavihar, Jagat narayan temple, Ashoka stupas, temples of Machchhendra Nath and Min Nath, Jawalakhel handicraft center, Hiranyavarna mahavihar, Rato Machendranath temple, etc.
Tourist Attractions in Bhaktapur include Durbar square, The national art gallery, Nyatapola temple, Bhairavnath temple, Surya vinayak, Chagunaryan
Tourist Attractions in Pokhara include International mountain museum, Regional museum, Annapurna museum, Gurkha memorial museum, Mahendra cave, Gupteswar gupha, Devid’s falls, Sarangkot, Phewa lake, Karma Dubgyu Choling Nyeshang monastery, Tal Barahi temple Bindabasini temple, Seti gorge, World peace pagoda.Tourist Attractions in Other Parts of Nepal are Nagarkot, Dakshinkali, Tansen durbar / palace, Bhairabsthan, Ranighat, Shrinagar Hill, Ridi, Daman, Dhulikhel, Kakani, Namo Buddha, Panauti, Palanchowk Bhagawati, Charikot, Gorkha, Illam tea garden, Hile, Swargadwari, Bandipur, Khaptad, Birth Place of Lord Buddha, Lumbini Museum, Baraha Chhetra, Janakimandir, Pathibhara, Jaleshwar Mahadev, Dhanushadham, Simraugadh, etc.
Activities in Nepal
- Mountaineering/ Trekking
- Jungle Safari
- Other Activities
- Ancillary Services
Mountaineering / Trekking
Major trekking activities available in Nepal are Kanchenjunga region treks, Everest region treks, Rolwaling valley treks, Langtang/ Helambu treks, Upper Mustang treks, Arun valley-Khumbu treks, Annapurna region treks, Manaslu region treks, Makalu region treks, Ganesh Himal treks, Dhaulagriri region treks, Dolpo region treks, Jumla-Rara treks and many more.
Major River rafting and kayaking in Nepal are Trisuli river, Kali Gandaki, Bhote Koshi, Marshyangdi, Karnali river, Sun Koshi. Nepal is the perfect destination for white water rafting and kayaking with its wide range of rivers and wealth of challenging rapids.
The jungle safaris are available in Chitwan national park, Bardiya national park, Parsa wildlife reserve, and Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve as well as other reserve area of Nepal. The activities in national parks and wildlife reserve are jungle walks, elephant ride, canoe trip, Jeep drive, bird watching, culture dance, crocodile breeding center, elephant breeding center, and limited hunting facilities also available here.
Other tourist activities available in Nepal are bungee jumping, paragliding, rock climbing, ultra light aircraft, cannoning, mountain flight, mountain biking , cable car, angling, honey hunting , ballooning, hang gliding , wave running , home stay, etc.
These services available are shopping guides, meditation and yoga, spa, massage, food and beverage services, golf course, casino, horse riding, pony trek, city tour, night life club, MICE, fair and festivals, healing and therapy, adventure sports and new other products.